OBJECTIVEAssess if maternal betamethasone administration at 34-35 weeks accelerated neonatal amplitude integrated EEG (aEEG) maturation. STUDY DESIGNNested, observational cohort in 7 centers participating in the Antenatal Late Preterm Steroid randomized trial. Up to 2 aEEGs were obtained in neonates born from 340-356 weeks gestation before 72 h (aEEG 1) and at 5-7 days (aEEG 2) if hospitalized. Personnel and aEEG central readers were masked to the intervention. The primary outcome was maturation reflected by cycle frequency; secondary outcomes were border voltage, span, and discontinuity. RESULTS58 neonates were enrolled (betamethasone, 28, placebo, 30). On aEEG 1, cycle frequency did not differ, but betamethasone exposed infants had a greater lower border voltage and a broader span. On aEEG 2, both groups displayed increases in lower border voltage. CONCLUSIONSBetamethasone associated changes in lower border voltage support accelerated electrical activity. Further investigation is needed to understand the broader span.
Journal of perinatology
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